!!> KINDLE ❄ Bengal Divided (1905 1971) ❁ Author Nitish Sengupta – Writerscompany.co.uk

Nitish Sengupta was an IAS officer who, after his retirement, joined politics and became a Member of Parliement He has written a number of books including Land of Two Rivers A History of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib In Bengal Divided, he recounts the history of Bengal of 20th century till birth of Bangladesh History of 20th century Bengal unfailingly makes for a sad reading A people who has attained great heights of civilizational glory are divided in two peoples based on religion a division that has been effected by the self serving politicians aided by alien rulers People of two different faith systems who have lived side by side for over thousand years have decided, in the space of a few decades, that they cannot live as neighbours any longer The result is a mind blowing tragedy the aftershocks of which are still being felt 75 years later Sengupta, in this short 240 page book, has narrated that history in broad brush strokes The agony of the pre partition days The famine of 1943 The Great Calcutta Killings of 1946 And the heartless manner in which the land was vivisected by the British bureaucrates by far the strangest, most illogical and arbitrarily drawn boundary line in history between two countries The events of the twenty five years leading to the liberation of Bangladesh which in itself is a history shaping event has been, however, dealt with rather summarily, possibly because of space constraints Sengupta ends the book with a very perceptive observation In the case of Bangladesh, while they are very proud of their own language and cultural identity, they have to guard against two powerful pulls first, pan Islamic Wahabi Islamic fundamentalism and jehadi fanaticism and second, the powerful pan Indian cultural and social system Naturally they have to strike a balance in the face of these strong pulls While they are proud of their Bengali cultural identity, they are also proud of their Islamic heritage, but would not like to see their Bengali identity being swamped by either of these two Similarly, Bengalis in India have to balance their trans national Bengali cultural identity with the very powerful force of pan Indian identity of which they are also partners As the second decade of the the millenium rolls into the third, the later trends appear to be winning on both sided of the porous border Even though the language has a somewhat bureaucratic stiffness and the book has a feel of high school history textbook, Bengal Divided is usefully readable. A must read for scholars of South Asian StudiesThis is a well researched account describing the making of East Pakistan in 1947 and later Bangladesh in 1971 British colonial rulers tried to divide the Bengal province in 1905, but without any success The unfortunate event of creation of East Pakistan in 1947, bifurcating the Indian nation, bled us profusely with several thousands deaths across the borders This book narrates grieves and sorrows in the process of making of Bangladesh nation A must read for scholars of South Asian studies. The tragic story of the separation of the East Pakistan from West Pakistan is tremendously streamlined by the writer What Jinnah co and army Bhuttoo failed to realize was Bengali Nationalism Had Bengali been declared National Language in the 1948, the economic exploitation of Bengal had been stopped and political freedom of Bengal had been ensured, Pakistan might not have lost its other part.Similarly, the writer has eagerly emphasized on the Independence of the Subcontinent from the British and its division into India and Pakistan Moreover, the role and struggle of Bengali Nationalists such as Chittaranjan Das, Subhash Chandra Bose, H.S Suhrawerdy, Khwaja Nazimuddin and others for an independent India is splendidly elaborated in the book and how the Muslim vs Hindu card on communal basis was played in Bengal to separate this piece of land forever by those who once fought for a united India and peace Those who want to understand the reasons behind the tragic event of 1971 in detail, the evolvement of Bengal on communal basis and Bengali Nationalism, must read this book However, the writer has dismally failed in explaining the hidden agenda of Indian government that played a nefarious role in buttressing the seed of separation in East Bengal Overall, it was a fantastic read. Sengupta sets out to untie what seems like a historical paradox a people who protested a partition in 1905 ended up getting permanently partitioned in only 65 years later As one learns very early, it is less of a paradox than one might believe Layers of division already ran through Bengali society way before Curzon s notorious mandate Thanks to Sengupta s steady magnifying glass, we see the differences between the Muslim and the Hindu, between the Bhadralok and the peasant and the Dalit we see the squabble as well as the argument around Cornwallis Permanent Settlement and Hunter s prejudice against educating the Hindu Sengupta clears the undergrowth to shed light on the zealot in Fazlul Huq and the savant in Chittaranjan Das without ever valourising them A history buff must not this book which is both fastidious as well as decisive. In 1905, All Of Bengal Rose In Uproar Because The British Had Partitioned The State Yet In 1947, The Same People Insisted On A Partition Along Communal Lines Why Did This Happen Nitish Sengupta Peels Of The Layers Of Events In This Pivotal Period In Bengal S History, Casting New Light On The Roles Of Figures Such As Chittaranjan Das, Subhas Chandra Bose, Nazrul Islam, Fazlul Haq, H.S Suhrawardy And Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. A good primer on the political history of Bengal in the last century Of course all history is someone s point of view Interesting to think that a decision here or there could have seen Kolkata as a capital of an Independent nation Bengal Divided (1905 1971)

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